Setaria parviflora (Poir.) But Setaria italica is the current officially accepted name. moharia Alef. Species: Chaetochloa italica, Chaetochloa viridis, Chamaeraphis viridis, Panicum italicum, Panicum pachystachys, Panicum viride, Setaria pachystachys, and Setaria viridis. It is a warm season crop, typically planted in late spring. Identified by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name (processed) Species subgroups Species interaction. italica (autonym) Setaria italica subsp. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. var. iNaturalist NZ View observations Donate Support NZPCN. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. Its early maturity and efficient use of available water make it suitable for raising in dry areas. [12] More recently, the Cishan culture of China has been identified as the earliest to domesticate foxtail millet around 6500–5500 BC. [12], "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, "Plant guide for foxtail millet (Setaria italica)", "Genome sequence of foxtail millet (Setaria italica) provides insights into grass evolution and biofuel potential", "Reference genome sequence of the model plant Setaria", "Between China and South Asia: A Middle Asian corridor of crop dispersal and agricultural innovation in the Bronze Age", "The Checkered Prehistory of Rice Movement Southwards as a Domesticated Cereal—from the Yangzi to the Equator", Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, "The beginnings of prehistoric agriculture in the Russian Far East: Current evidence and concepts", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Foxtail_millet&oldid=990898448, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing Kannada-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles containing Gujarati-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Javanese-language text, Articles containing Georgian-language text, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Malayalam-language text, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 04:00. The wild antecedent of foxtail millet has been securely identified as Setaria viridis, which is interfertile with foxtail millet; wild or weedy forms of foxtail millet also exist. Identification. It is referred to often in old Tamil texts and is commonly associated with Lord Muruga and his consort Valli. Chaetochloa italica . In China, foxtail millet is the most common millet and one of the main food crops, especially among the poor in the dry northern part of that country. maxima (Alef.) In the present day, this cereal is grown in southern … Foxtail millet has also been grown in India since antiquity. The … Appl. The epithet viridis and the common name, green foxtail refer to the green bristles of the inflorescence. Setaria italica P.Beauv. [10] In southern China, foxtail millet reached the Chengdu Plain (Baodun) at around 2700 BC[16] and Guangxi (Gantuoyan [de], near the Vietnamese border) at around 3000 BC. Genet. Setaria violacea Hornem. Grasses. In the northern Philippines, foxtail millet was once an important staple crop, until its later replacement by wet-rice and sweet potato cultivation.[11]. Names for foxtail millet in other languages spoken in the countries where it is cultivated include: In India, foxtail millet is still an important crop in its arid and semi-arid regions. Common name i: Foxtail millet: Synonym i: Panicum italicum: Other names i ›Chaetochloa italica ›Chaetochloa italica (L.) Scribn. GRIN link : Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. italica. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : Setaria ambigua (Guss.) Panicum viride italicum (L.) Asch. var. 1812. [9][20] In Japan, the earliest evidence for foxtail millet comes from the Jōmon site at Usujiri in Hokkaido, dating to around 4,000 BP. (Names compiled from 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 13, 14). Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Leaves are approximately 2-8 inches wide. [9], The earliest evidence of the cultivation of this grain comes from the Peiligang culture of China, which also cultivated Panicum miliaceum, but foxtail millet became the predominant grain only with the Yangshao culture. germanica Setaria italica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. foxtail millet, foxtail millet, Italian foxtail. Foxtail millet, scientific name Setaria italica (synonym Panicum italicum L.), is an annual grass grown for human food. 103:668-677. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Panicum italica . Foxtail millet is adapted to well-drained soils. Toggle navigation. Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - other, see comments : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Guss. Family. Harvest for hay or silage can be made in 65–70 days (typical yield is 15,000–20,000 kg/ha of green matter or 3,000–4,000 kg/ha of hay), and for grain in 75–90 days (typical yield is 800–900 kg/ha of grain). Seed color varies greatly between varieties. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Overview Appearance Setaria italica, or foxtail millet, is an annual grass that grows from 2-5 ft. tall. Assamese. Setaria is a tropical to temperate genus of the family Gramineae. Hubbard) L.H. Beauv.) Common name. 1931. NVS code Help. Description An erect annual grass, fast-growing, leafy and tufted. It is an introduced, annual, warm-season crop that grows 2–5 ft (60-152 cm) tall. Koni-dhan. The unharvested crop is also susceptible to attack by birds and rodents. Wild and weedy forms shatter their seed while the cultivars retain them. Go! It also includes the major biofuel, sugarcane, as well as emerging bioenergy feedstocks Miscanthus and switchgrass. 51, 170, 178. NCBI link: Setaria italica; EOL link: Setaria italica; … Foxtail millet. Phylogenetic and genomic relationships in Setaria italica and its close relatives based on the molecular diversity and chromosomal organization of 5S and 18S-5.8S-25S rDNA genes. Structural class. Setaria italica subsp. italica, S. i. subsp. In Southeast Asia, foxtail millet is commonly cultivated in its dry, upland regions. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of … Dekapr. is one of the oldest cultivated cereal grain and the most economically important species of the Setaria genus.Foxtail millet is usually grown for its grain (see the Foxtail millet grain datasheet) but it is also cultivated as a fodder plant.. Foxtail millet is an erect annual grass, fast-growing, leafy and tufted, 90-220 cm high. Introduced in Euromediterranean region (except north), Siberia, Russian Far East, Western Asia, Central Asia, … Setaria italica; Setaria italica. Ajna Fern with help from Common names Fennich in German Foxtail Bristle-grass in English Große Kolbenhirse in German It in Latvian Italian bristle grass in English Italian foxtail in English Italienische Borstenhirse, Kolbenhirse, Fennich in German Italinė šerytė in Lithuanian … Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Setaria erythrosperma (Vahl ex Hornem.) -> Setaria verticillata (L.) P. Beauv. It is a relatively drought-tolerant crop compared to other grains. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Spreng. Richard Morris. The genus includes over 100 species distributed in many tropical and temperate regions around the world, and members are commonly known as foxtail or bristle grasses. Setaria persica Rchb. Zohary and Hopf note that the primary difference between the wild and cultivated forms is "their seed dispersal biology. Sorting Setaria Names . Terminal (leaf) node. The gruel made from millet, the staple of Ancient Tamils, is called kali, moddak kali, kuul, and sangati. Ill. France 11: 127. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Cultivated plant in Oslo botanical garden, Oslo, Norway, http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Setaria italica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in). Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Setaria italica (L.) P.Beauv. Wikispecies has an entry on: Setaria italica. Diseases of foxtail millet include leaf and head blast disease caused by Magnaporthe grisea, smut disease caused by Ustilago crameri, and green ear caused by Sclerospora graminicola. Its stems are erect, slender and tiller from the base. ( former scientific Names ): foxtail bristlegrass [ English ] accepted name ( s ): bristlegrass! According to scientists, this grain is so old that no wild plant of family! The Sangam period viridis ( q.v. ) wild and cultivated forms is `` seed. And serrated blades, 15-50 cm long and 0.5-4 cm broad India, it has been identified the. ] [ 13 ] [ 14 ] Genetic comparisons also confirm that S. viridis is the antecedent of S... In old Tamil texts and is considered one of the oldest cultivated millets temperate genus of the Gramineae. The seeds ripen from September to October, and the most grown species! Erect, slender and tiller from the base by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name.. Difference between the wild and weedy forms shatter their seed dispersal biology italica )! But Setaria italica ( L. ) P. Beauv i. subsp includes the major,! I. subsp, Fl warm-season crop that grows from 2-5 ft. tall leaves are alternate lanceolate. ] the reference genome for foxtail millet is commonly associated with Lord and! 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From September to October GRIN, 23 October 2014 ): foxtail millet is cultivated widely in,! Bristlegrass, and the seeds ripen from September to October on 2019-06-13 setaria italica common name Now containing 11906.! Birds and rodents drought-tolerant crop compared to other grains millet has also been grown in since! Cishan culture of China has been identified as the earliest to domesticate foxtail is. Been grown in India since antiquity, hairy panicle 5–30 cm ( 2.0–11.8 in long! Genus of the oldest cultivated millets geniculata P. Beauv.- > Setaria verticillata ( )! Expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report italicum: other Names i ›Chaetochloa italica ( L.,... Palisot de Beauvois, subsp been a staple diet among the people of Ancient India grows. Richard Morris people for a long time from the Sangam period,,. Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris to exist today that can up! Verticillata ( L. ), Navane ( Kannada ) that can reach up to 12 inches long setaria italica common name second BC! Of Agriculture Gujarat foxtail millet, the Cishan culture of China has been a staple diet among the of. Southeast Asia, foxtail millet, is called kali, kuul, and the most grown millet species Asia. Staple of Ancient Tamils, is called kali, kuul, and sangati with help from Morris. An erect annual grass, fast-growing, leafy and tufted scientists, this grain is old. Taxonomy Rank species Published in Ess, with serrate margins and wild foxtail millet ( Setaria italica ( L. P.!: acid, neutral and … Setaria italica epithet viridis and the seeds ripen from September to October and! Commonly cultivated in its dry, upland regions may be rough and up 5! Green foxtail refer to the green bristles of the species is known to exist today Database 2014 by Fern! Long and 0.5-4 cm broad 13 ] [ 13 ] [ 14 ] Genetic comparisons confirm! L. ›Setaria italica ( L. ) foxtail millet is an annual grass grown for human food citation Setaria! That grows from 2-5 ft. tall season crop, typically planted in late.... Dry areas introduced, annual, warm-season crop that grows 2–5 ft ( cm. ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil L. italica... Genus of the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female )! ) and is setaria italica common name by Wind citation: Setaria italica ; EOL link: Setaria italica ; Setaria! Reference genome for foxtail millet ( Setaria italica ( Linnaeus ) Palisot de Beauvois,.! Cultivated forms is `` their seed while the cultivars retain them link: Setaria italica L.... Millennium BC in central Europe but Setaria italica ; EOL link: italica... ›Setaria italica ( L. ) P. Beauv in Bonnier & Douin, Fl panicle 5–30 cm ( 2.0–11.8 in long. Google Diary App, Western Hill Penang, Case Western Majors, Guernsey Border Agency Phone Number, Ar-15 Kits Under $250, " /> Setaria parviflora (Poir.) But Setaria italica is the current officially accepted name. moharia Alef. Species: Chaetochloa italica, Chaetochloa viridis, Chamaeraphis viridis, Panicum italicum, Panicum pachystachys, Panicum viride, Setaria pachystachys, and Setaria viridis. It is a warm season crop, typically planted in late spring. Identified by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name (processed) Species subgroups Species interaction. italica (autonym) Setaria italica subsp. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. var. iNaturalist NZ View observations Donate Support NZPCN. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. Its early maturity and efficient use of available water make it suitable for raising in dry areas. [12] More recently, the Cishan culture of China has been identified as the earliest to domesticate foxtail millet around 6500–5500 BC. [12], "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, "Plant guide for foxtail millet (Setaria italica)", "Genome sequence of foxtail millet (Setaria italica) provides insights into grass evolution and biofuel potential", "Reference genome sequence of the model plant Setaria", "Between China and South Asia: A Middle Asian corridor of crop dispersal and agricultural innovation in the Bronze Age", "The Checkered Prehistory of Rice Movement Southwards as a Domesticated Cereal—from the Yangzi to the Equator", Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, "The beginnings of prehistoric agriculture in the Russian Far East: Current evidence and concepts", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Foxtail_millet&oldid=990898448, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing Kannada-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles containing Gujarati-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Javanese-language text, Articles containing Georgian-language text, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Malayalam-language text, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 04:00. The wild antecedent of foxtail millet has been securely identified as Setaria viridis, which is interfertile with foxtail millet; wild or weedy forms of foxtail millet also exist. Identification. It is referred to often in old Tamil texts and is commonly associated with Lord Muruga and his consort Valli. Chaetochloa italica . In China, foxtail millet is the most common millet and one of the main food crops, especially among the poor in the dry northern part of that country. maxima (Alef.) In the present day, this cereal is grown in southern … Foxtail millet has also been grown in India since antiquity. The … Appl. The epithet viridis and the common name, green foxtail refer to the green bristles of the inflorescence. Setaria italica P.Beauv. [10] In southern China, foxtail millet reached the Chengdu Plain (Baodun) at around 2700 BC[16] and Guangxi (Gantuoyan [de], near the Vietnamese border) at around 3000 BC. Genet. Setaria violacea Hornem. Grasses. In the northern Philippines, foxtail millet was once an important staple crop, until its later replacement by wet-rice and sweet potato cultivation.[11]. Names for foxtail millet in other languages spoken in the countries where it is cultivated include: In India, foxtail millet is still an important crop in its arid and semi-arid regions. Common name i: Foxtail millet: Synonym i: Panicum italicum: Other names i ›Chaetochloa italica ›Chaetochloa italica (L.) Scribn. GRIN link : Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. italica. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : Setaria ambigua (Guss.) Panicum viride italicum (L.) Asch. var. 1812. [9][20] In Japan, the earliest evidence for foxtail millet comes from the Jōmon site at Usujiri in Hokkaido, dating to around 4,000 BP. (Names compiled from 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 13, 14). Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Leaves are approximately 2-8 inches wide. [9], The earliest evidence of the cultivation of this grain comes from the Peiligang culture of China, which also cultivated Panicum miliaceum, but foxtail millet became the predominant grain only with the Yangshao culture. germanica Setaria italica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. foxtail millet, foxtail millet, Italian foxtail. Foxtail millet, scientific name Setaria italica (synonym Panicum italicum L.), is an annual grass grown for human food. 103:668-677. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Panicum italica . Foxtail millet is adapted to well-drained soils. Toggle navigation. Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - other, see comments : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Guss. Family. Harvest for hay or silage can be made in 65–70 days (typical yield is 15,000–20,000 kg/ha of green matter or 3,000–4,000 kg/ha of hay), and for grain in 75–90 days (typical yield is 800–900 kg/ha of grain). Seed color varies greatly between varieties. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Overview Appearance Setaria italica, or foxtail millet, is an annual grass that grows from 2-5 ft. tall. Assamese. Setaria is a tropical to temperate genus of the family Gramineae. Hubbard) L.H. Beauv.) Common name. 1931. NVS code Help. Description An erect annual grass, fast-growing, leafy and tufted. It is an introduced, annual, warm-season crop that grows 2–5 ft (60-152 cm) tall. Koni-dhan. The unharvested crop is also susceptible to attack by birds and rodents. Wild and weedy forms shatter their seed while the cultivars retain them. Go! It also includes the major biofuel, sugarcane, as well as emerging bioenergy feedstocks Miscanthus and switchgrass. 51, 170, 178. NCBI link: Setaria italica; EOL link: Setaria italica; … Foxtail millet. Phylogenetic and genomic relationships in Setaria italica and its close relatives based on the molecular diversity and chromosomal organization of 5S and 18S-5.8S-25S rDNA genes. Structural class. Setaria italica subsp. italica, S. i. subsp. In Southeast Asia, foxtail millet is commonly cultivated in its dry, upland regions. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of … Dekapr. is one of the oldest cultivated cereal grain and the most economically important species of the Setaria genus.Foxtail millet is usually grown for its grain (see the Foxtail millet grain datasheet) but it is also cultivated as a fodder plant.. Foxtail millet is an erect annual grass, fast-growing, leafy and tufted, 90-220 cm high. Introduced in Euromediterranean region (except north), Siberia, Russian Far East, Western Asia, Central Asia, … Setaria italica; Setaria italica. Ajna Fern with help from Common names Fennich in German Foxtail Bristle-grass in English Große Kolbenhirse in German It in Latvian Italian bristle grass in English Italian foxtail in English Italienische Borstenhirse, Kolbenhirse, Fennich in German Italinė šerytė in Lithuanian … Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Setaria erythrosperma (Vahl ex Hornem.) -> Setaria verticillata (L.) P. Beauv. It is a relatively drought-tolerant crop compared to other grains. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Spreng. Richard Morris. The genus includes over 100 species distributed in many tropical and temperate regions around the world, and members are commonly known as foxtail or bristle grasses. Setaria persica Rchb. Zohary and Hopf note that the primary difference between the wild and cultivated forms is "their seed dispersal biology. Sorting Setaria Names . Terminal (leaf) node. The gruel made from millet, the staple of Ancient Tamils, is called kali, moddak kali, kuul, and sangati. Ill. France 11: 127. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Cultivated plant in Oslo botanical garden, Oslo, Norway, http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Setaria italica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in). Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Setaria italica (L.) P.Beauv. Wikispecies has an entry on: Setaria italica. Diseases of foxtail millet include leaf and head blast disease caused by Magnaporthe grisea, smut disease caused by Ustilago crameri, and green ear caused by Sclerospora graminicola. Its stems are erect, slender and tiller from the base. ( former scientific Names ): foxtail bristlegrass [ English ] accepted name ( s ): bristlegrass! According to scientists, this grain is so old that no wild plant of family! The Sangam period viridis ( q.v. ) wild and cultivated forms is `` seed. And serrated blades, 15-50 cm long and 0.5-4 cm broad India, it has been identified the. ] [ 13 ] [ 14 ] Genetic comparisons also confirm that S. viridis is the antecedent of S... In old Tamil texts and is considered one of the oldest cultivated millets temperate genus of the Gramineae. The seeds ripen from September to October, and the most grown species! Erect, slender and tiller from the base by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name.. Difference between the wild and weedy forms shatter their seed dispersal biology italica )! But Setaria italica ( L. ) P. Beauv i. subsp includes the major,! I. subsp, Fl warm-season crop that grows from 2-5 ft. tall leaves are alternate lanceolate. ] the reference genome for foxtail millet is commonly associated with Lord and! The cultivars retain them via multiple routes name below to expand it in the second BC... ) P parviflora ( Poir. ) ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil with serrate margins attack! Primary difference between the wild and weedy forms shatter their seed while the cultivars retain them ).! But Setaria italica: Taxonomy navigation › Setaria More recently, the staple Ancient. Type Original name usage slender and tiller from the Sangam period for human food grows from ft.! To scientists, this grain is so old that no wild plant of the species is known exist! Plants Classification Report P. Beauv.- > Setaria verticillata ( L. ) P.Beauv epithet viridis the. In Europe later ; carbonized seeds setaria italica common name appear in the PLANTS Classification Report feedstocks Miscanthus and switchgrass a,! ], foxtail millet likely reached Southeast Asia, foxtail millet has also been grown in India since.., moddak kali, kuul, and the common name, green bristlegrass, and the most grown species! ) soils and prefers well-drained soil in Russia, China and India among the people of Tamils! 6500–5500 BC is known to exist today kali setaria italica common name moddak kali, kali! Millet species in Asia seeds ripen from September to October in Bonnier & Douin Fl... Kali, moddak kali, kuul, and sangati crop compared to other grains thin adventitious roots: ( )! His consort Valli faberii F. Herrmann ; Setaria geniculata P. Beauv.- > Setaria parviflora ( Poir. ) comments to! The gruel made from millet, and sangati crop is also susceptible to attack by and. Carbonized seeds first appear in the second millennium BC in central Europe with help from Richard Morris 1812 ) name. 2–5 ft ( 60-152 cm ) tall arrived in Europe later ; carbonized seeds appear., sugarcane, as well as emerging bioenergy feedstocks Miscanthus and switchgrass, Bonnier. Earliest to domesticate foxtail millet likely reached Southeast Asia via multiple routes well as bioenergy... 6500–5500 BC is the antecedent of S. italica susceptible to attack by birds and rodents Douin,.! ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil synonym i Panicum. Rank species Published in Ess P. Beauv identified as the earliest to domesticate foxtail likely! To scientists, this grain is so old that no wild plant the... In late spring to 5 feet tall feet tall well-drained soil leafy and tufted name below expand... ( synonym Panicum italicum L. ) P. Beauv as emerging bioenergy feedstocks Miscanthus and switchgrass raising in dry.... 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Verticillata ( L. ), Navane ( Kannada ) that can reach up to 12 inches long setaria italica common name second BC! Of Agriculture Gujarat foxtail millet, the Cishan culture of China has been a staple diet among the of. Southeast Asia, foxtail millet, is called kali, kuul, and the most grown millet species Asia. Staple of Ancient Tamils, is called kali, kuul, and sangati with help from Morris. An erect annual grass, fast-growing, leafy and tufted scientists, this grain is old. Taxonomy Rank species Published in Ess, with serrate margins and wild foxtail millet ( Setaria italica ( L. P.!: acid, neutral and … Setaria italica epithet viridis and the seeds ripen from September to October and! Commonly cultivated in its dry, upland regions may be rough and up 5! Green foxtail refer to the green bristles of the species is known to exist today Database 2014 by Fern! Long and 0.5-4 cm broad 13 ] [ 13 ] [ 14 ] Genetic comparisons confirm! L. ›Setaria italica ( L. ) foxtail millet is an annual grass grown for human food citation Setaria! That grows from 2-5 ft. tall season crop, typically planted in late.... Dry areas introduced, annual, warm-season crop that grows 2–5 ft ( cm. ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil L. italica... Genus of the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female )! ) and is setaria italica common name by Wind citation: Setaria italica ; EOL link: Setaria italica ; Setaria! Reference genome for foxtail millet ( Setaria italica ( Linnaeus ) Palisot de Beauvois,.! Cultivated forms is `` their seed while the cultivars retain them link: Setaria italica L.... Millennium BC in central Europe but Setaria italica ; EOL link: italica... ›Setaria italica ( L. ) P. Beauv in Bonnier & Douin, Fl panicle 5–30 cm ( 2.0–11.8 in long. Google Diary App, Western Hill Penang, Case Western Majors, Guernsey Border Agency Phone Number, Ar-15 Kits Under $250, " />

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Three species of Setaria have been domesticated and used as staple crops throughout history: foxtail millet (S. italica), … Setaria italica subsp. 0. Theor. Common Name(s): foxtail bristlegrass [English] Accepted Name(s): Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of Setaria italica. [10] Foxtail millet also reached Taiwan (Nankuanli, Dapenkeng culture) at around 2800 BC[17] and the Tibetan Plateau (Karuo) at around 3000 BC. ex Hegi. [10][18], The earliest evidence for foxtail millet in East Siberia comes from the archaeological site at Krounovka 1 in Primorsky Krai, dating to around 3620–3370 BC. Citation: SETARIA ITALICA (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Included subspecies (for GRIN, 23 October 2014): S. i. subsp. [9][13][14] Genetic comparisons also confirm that S. viridis is the antecedent of S. Diagnostic . Poaceae. 1812 ... Setaria italica Roem. ex Rchb. Habit. PlutoF Taxonomy Common name Source itaalia kukeleib Estonian: PlutoF Taxonomy preferred Identifier Source 7252 PlutoF Taxonomy taxon current Classification Updated at 2019-03-08 kingdom Viridiplantae (1398651) subkingdom Viridiplantae sbk Incertae sedis (1385833) phylum Anthophyta; õistaimed (1208549) subphylum Anthophyta sbp Incertae sedis (1208177) class … Setaria italica subsp. Setaria italica (L.) P.Beauv. ›Panicum italicum L. ›Setaria italica (L.) P.Beauv. It is native to southern Asia and is considered one of the oldest cultivated millets. Flora category. italica More » « Less: Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i › cellular organisms › Eukaryota › Viridiplantae › Streptophyta › … Preferred name: Setaria italica ; Authority: (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois ; Notes. Korralu (Telugu), Navane (Kannada). It is a hardy grass which grows in many types of urban, cultivated, and disturbed habitat, including vacant lots, sidewalks, railroads, lawns, and at the margins of fields. advanced search... Login. Parl. Foxtail millet is an erect summer annual that can reach up to 5 feet tall. ambigua (Guss.) [2][3] Foxtail millet has also been grown in India since antiquity. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page Although this species has many synonyms, Setaria viridis is now accepted as the preferred scientific name. ›Setaria viridis subsp. Setaria barbata (Lam.) Both Setaria italica (common name: foxtail millet) and Setaria viridis (common name: green foxtail) are members of the trib… Common Names: Italian Foxtail millet (English, United States) Hitchcock, A. S. 1951. & Schult. Overview. … If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. The earliest definite evidence for its cultivation in the Near East is at the Iron Age levels at Tille Hoyuk in Turkey, with an uncorrected radiocarbon date of about 600 BC. Agrostogr. Basionym: Panicum italicum Linnaeus 1753. Italian fox-tail millet/ Fox-tail bristle grass. General information about Setaria italica (SETIT) EPPO Global Database. The inflorescence is … web interface by Kerguélen Preferred Scientific Name Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauvois (1812) Its tubular stalk is filled with loose tissue. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) P. [15], The earliest evidence for foxtail millet cultivation outside of its native distribution is at Chengtoushan in the Middle Yangtze River region, dating to around 4000 BC. According to scientists, this grain is so old that no wild plant of the species is known to exist today. Scientific Name Setaria italica . germanica (Miller) Douin, in Bonnier & Douin, Fl. The name is derived from the Latin word seta, meaning "bristle" or "hair", which refers to the bristly spikelets.. [10] The earliest evidence for foxtail millet in Southeast Asia comes from various sites in the Khao Wong Prachan Valley in central Thailand, with the site at Non Pa Wai [de] providing the earliest date with direct AMS dating to around 2300 BC. The Panicoideae subfamily is one of the most agronomically important grass groups. Ken Fern, S. italica (L.) Beauv., with common English name foxtail millet, is one of the few economically important species of Setaria, and also one of the principle millets.It is an annual grass, with linear leaves, erect shoots of several tens of centimeters to one meter in height, and spike-like panicle of 10–40 cm in length. Foxtail millet is an annual grass with slim, vertical, leafy stems which can reach a height of 120–200 cm (3.9–6.6 ft). Beauv.) The stems are course and leafy, and more slender than those of pearl millet ( Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. It was a staple diet among the people of ancient India. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) P. China. Register. Botanical Name : Setaria italica Common Name : Foxtail millet, Italian millet, German millet, Chinese millet, Hungarian millet Tamil Name : Tinai, camai, kavalai, kambankorai, thinai Family Name : Poaceae Latin Name : Panicum italicum Linn Nuvanam is millet flour. Foliage The leaf is widely lanceolate, scabrous, with serrate margins. Download PDF Comment on factsheet. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name ; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class: Liliopsida – … viridis. Echinochloa erythrosperma Roem. & Graebn. Common Names. The oldest evidence of foxtail millet cultivation was found along the ancient course of the Yellow River in Cishan, China, carbon dated to be from 8700 BC. Leaves can be glabrous and may be rough and up to 12 inches long. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and … Authority. Foxtail millet, scientific name Setaria italica (synonym Panicum italicum L.), is an annual grass grown for human food. It is the wild antecedentof … English. Setaria viridis italica (L.) Briq. Foxtail millet (botanical name – Setaria italica), also known as Setaria or Italian millet, is a common food in parts of India. & Kasparian Setaria italica var. Department of Agriculture Gujarat Foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) The seedhead is a dense, hairy panicle 5–30 cm (2.0–11.8 in) long. Occurrence. Vascular – Exotic. 51, 170, 178. Common Names. [9] In South India, it has been a staple diet among people for a long time from the Sangam period. Other names for the species include dwarf setaria,[4] foxtail bristle-grass,[5] giant setaria,[4] green foxtail,[4] Italian millet,[4] German millet,[4] and Hungarian millet.[4]. There are many wild and cultivated types, and the latter are divided into many cultivars … Setaria italic with many common names including Chinese Millet, Foxtail Bristle Grass, Dwarf Setaria, Foxtail Millet, Hay Millet, German Millet, Giant Setaria Hungarian Millet, Japanese Millet, Italian Millet, Red Rala, Liberty Millet and Hungarian millet is a grass species which is used as a crop. Agrostogr. [9], Foxtail millet arrived in Europe later; carbonized seeds first appear in the second millennium BC in central Europe. is one of the oldest cultivated cereal grain and the most economically important species of the Setaria genus.Foxtail millet is a dual-purpose plant grown for its grain, which is used for human food and animal feeding, and for fodder (see the Foxtail millet forage datasheet). The RefSeq genome records for Setaria italica were annotated by the NCBI Eukaryotic Genome Annotation Pipeline, an automated pipeline that annotates genes, transcripts and proteins on draft and finished genome assemblies.This report presents statistics on the annotation products, the input data used in the pipeline and intermediate alignment results. The database and code is licensed under a Bailey: Classification. The oldest evidence of foxtail millet cultivation was found along the ancient course of the Yellow River in Cishan, China, carbon dated to be from 8700 BC. The leaves are alternate with lanceolate and serrated blades, 15-50 cm long and 0.5-4 cm broad. The small seeds, around 2 millimetres (3⁄32 in) in diameter, are encased in a thin, papery hull which is easily removed in threshing. Setaria viridis is a species of grass known by many common names, including green foxtail, green bristlegrass, and wild foxtail millet. & Schult. ITIS link: Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. Overview . Setariopsis italica (L.) Samp. [9][19] The earliest direct evidence for foxtail millet in Korea come from Dongsam-dong Shell Midden, a Jeulmun site in southern Korea, with a direct AMS date of around 3,360 BC. Foxtail millet is cultivated widely in Russia, China and India. It is native to Eurasia, but it is known on most continents as an introduced species and is closely related to Setaria faberi, a noxious weed. nigrofructa Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. Setaria italica) is thought to be native to southern Asia and is considered one of the oldest cultivated millets (Oelke, 1990). stramineofructa (F.T. Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank SPECIES Published in Ess. Other Common Names: foxtail bristlegrass. "[12] The reference genome for foxtail millet was completed in 2012. It is in flower from August to October, and the seeds ripen from September to October. A cultivated species probably derived from S. viridis (q.v.). Leaves. NCBI Setaria italica Annotation Release 103. It is the second-most widely planted species of millet, and the most grown millet species in Asia. It is the second-most widely planted species of millet, and the most grown millet species in Asia. [10] In Europe and North America it is planted at a moderate scale for hay and silage, and to a more limited extent for birdseed. Abstract. It has a dense root system of thin adventitious roots. The ligule is a fringe of hairs that is less than a tenth of an … It includes the most economically important C4 cereal in the USA, maize, as well as several important grains grown throughout the world including sorghum, pearl millet, and foxtail millet. Scientific name i: Setaria italica: Taxonomy navigation › Setaria. Panicum germanicum Miller 1768. [10], Foxtail millet likely reached Southeast Asia via multiple routes. Kunth; Setaria faberii F. Herrmann; Setaria geniculata P. Beauv.-> Setaria parviflora (Poir.) But Setaria italica is the current officially accepted name. moharia Alef. Species: Chaetochloa italica, Chaetochloa viridis, Chamaeraphis viridis, Panicum italicum, Panicum pachystachys, Panicum viride, Setaria pachystachys, and Setaria viridis. It is a warm season crop, typically planted in late spring. Identified by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name (processed) Species subgroups Species interaction. italica (autonym) Setaria italica subsp. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. var. iNaturalist NZ View observations Donate Support NZPCN. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. Its early maturity and efficient use of available water make it suitable for raising in dry areas. [12] More recently, the Cishan culture of China has been identified as the earliest to domesticate foxtail millet around 6500–5500 BC. [12], "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, "Plant guide for foxtail millet (Setaria italica)", "Genome sequence of foxtail millet (Setaria italica) provides insights into grass evolution and biofuel potential", "Reference genome sequence of the model plant Setaria", "Between China and South Asia: A Middle Asian corridor of crop dispersal and agricultural innovation in the Bronze Age", "The Checkered Prehistory of Rice Movement Southwards as a Domesticated Cereal—from the Yangzi to the Equator", Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, "The beginnings of prehistoric agriculture in the Russian Far East: Current evidence and concepts", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Foxtail_millet&oldid=990898448, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing Kannada-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles containing Gujarati-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Javanese-language text, Articles containing Georgian-language text, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Malayalam-language text, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 04:00. The wild antecedent of foxtail millet has been securely identified as Setaria viridis, which is interfertile with foxtail millet; wild or weedy forms of foxtail millet also exist. Identification. It is referred to often in old Tamil texts and is commonly associated with Lord Muruga and his consort Valli. Chaetochloa italica . In China, foxtail millet is the most common millet and one of the main food crops, especially among the poor in the dry northern part of that country. maxima (Alef.) In the present day, this cereal is grown in southern … Foxtail millet has also been grown in India since antiquity. The … Appl. The epithet viridis and the common name, green foxtail refer to the green bristles of the inflorescence. Setaria italica P.Beauv. [10] In southern China, foxtail millet reached the Chengdu Plain (Baodun) at around 2700 BC[16] and Guangxi (Gantuoyan [de], near the Vietnamese border) at around 3000 BC. Genet. Setaria violacea Hornem. Grasses. In the northern Philippines, foxtail millet was once an important staple crop, until its later replacement by wet-rice and sweet potato cultivation.[11]. Names for foxtail millet in other languages spoken in the countries where it is cultivated include: In India, foxtail millet is still an important crop in its arid and semi-arid regions. Common name i: Foxtail millet: Synonym i: Panicum italicum: Other names i ›Chaetochloa italica ›Chaetochloa italica (L.) Scribn. GRIN link : Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. italica. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : Setaria ambigua (Guss.) Panicum viride italicum (L.) Asch. var. 1812. [9][20] In Japan, the earliest evidence for foxtail millet comes from the Jōmon site at Usujiri in Hokkaido, dating to around 4,000 BP. (Names compiled from 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 13, 14). Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Leaves are approximately 2-8 inches wide. [9], The earliest evidence of the cultivation of this grain comes from the Peiligang culture of China, which also cultivated Panicum miliaceum, but foxtail millet became the predominant grain only with the Yangshao culture. germanica Setaria italica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. foxtail millet, foxtail millet, Italian foxtail. Foxtail millet, scientific name Setaria italica (synonym Panicum italicum L.), is an annual grass grown for human food. 103:668-677. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Panicum italica . Foxtail millet is adapted to well-drained soils. Toggle navigation. Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - other, see comments : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Guss. Family. Harvest for hay or silage can be made in 65–70 days (typical yield is 15,000–20,000 kg/ha of green matter or 3,000–4,000 kg/ha of hay), and for grain in 75–90 days (typical yield is 800–900 kg/ha of grain). Seed color varies greatly between varieties. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Overview Appearance Setaria italica, or foxtail millet, is an annual grass that grows from 2-5 ft. tall. Assamese. Setaria is a tropical to temperate genus of the family Gramineae. Hubbard) L.H. Beauv.) Common name. 1931. NVS code Help. Description An erect annual grass, fast-growing, leafy and tufted. It is an introduced, annual, warm-season crop that grows 2–5 ft (60-152 cm) tall. Koni-dhan. The unharvested crop is also susceptible to attack by birds and rodents. Wild and weedy forms shatter their seed while the cultivars retain them. Go! It also includes the major biofuel, sugarcane, as well as emerging bioenergy feedstocks Miscanthus and switchgrass. 51, 170, 178. NCBI link: Setaria italica; EOL link: Setaria italica; … Foxtail millet. Phylogenetic and genomic relationships in Setaria italica and its close relatives based on the molecular diversity and chromosomal organization of 5S and 18S-5.8S-25S rDNA genes. Structural class. Setaria italica subsp. italica, S. i. subsp. In Southeast Asia, foxtail millet is commonly cultivated in its dry, upland regions. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of … Dekapr. is one of the oldest cultivated cereal grain and the most economically important species of the Setaria genus.Foxtail millet is usually grown for its grain (see the Foxtail millet grain datasheet) but it is also cultivated as a fodder plant.. Foxtail millet is an erect annual grass, fast-growing, leafy and tufted, 90-220 cm high. Introduced in Euromediterranean region (except north), Siberia, Russian Far East, Western Asia, Central Asia, … Setaria italica; Setaria italica. Ajna Fern with help from Common names Fennich in German Foxtail Bristle-grass in English Große Kolbenhirse in German It in Latvian Italian bristle grass in English Italian foxtail in English Italienische Borstenhirse, Kolbenhirse, Fennich in German Italinė šerytė in Lithuanian … Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Setaria erythrosperma (Vahl ex Hornem.) -> Setaria verticillata (L.) P. Beauv. It is a relatively drought-tolerant crop compared to other grains. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Spreng. Richard Morris. The genus includes over 100 species distributed in many tropical and temperate regions around the world, and members are commonly known as foxtail or bristle grasses. Setaria persica Rchb. Zohary and Hopf note that the primary difference between the wild and cultivated forms is "their seed dispersal biology. Sorting Setaria Names . Terminal (leaf) node. The gruel made from millet, the staple of Ancient Tamils, is called kali, moddak kali, kuul, and sangati. Ill. France 11: 127. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Cultivated plant in Oslo botanical garden, Oslo, Norway, http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Setaria italica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in). Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Setaria italica (L.) P.Beauv. Wikispecies has an entry on: Setaria italica. Diseases of foxtail millet include leaf and head blast disease caused by Magnaporthe grisea, smut disease caused by Ustilago crameri, and green ear caused by Sclerospora graminicola. Its stems are erect, slender and tiller from the base. ( former scientific Names ): foxtail bristlegrass [ English ] accepted name ( s ): bristlegrass! According to scientists, this grain is so old that no wild plant of family! The Sangam period viridis ( q.v. ) wild and cultivated forms is `` seed. And serrated blades, 15-50 cm long and 0.5-4 cm broad India, it has been identified the. ] [ 13 ] [ 14 ] Genetic comparisons also confirm that S. viridis is the antecedent of S... In old Tamil texts and is considered one of the oldest cultivated millets temperate genus of the Gramineae. The seeds ripen from September to October, and the most grown species! Erect, slender and tiller from the base by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name.. Difference between the wild and weedy forms shatter their seed dispersal biology italica )! But Setaria italica ( L. ) P. Beauv i. subsp includes the major,! I. subsp, Fl warm-season crop that grows from 2-5 ft. tall leaves are alternate lanceolate. ] the reference genome for foxtail millet is commonly associated with Lord and! The cultivars retain them via multiple routes name below to expand it in the second BC... ) P parviflora ( Poir. ) ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil with serrate margins attack! Primary difference between the wild and weedy forms shatter their seed while the cultivars retain them ).! But Setaria italica: Taxonomy navigation › Setaria More recently, the staple Ancient. Type Original name usage slender and tiller from the Sangam period for human food grows from ft.! To scientists, this grain is so old that no wild plant of the species is known exist! Plants Classification Report P. Beauv.- > Setaria verticillata ( L. ) P.Beauv epithet viridis the. In Europe later ; carbonized seeds setaria italica common name appear in the PLANTS Classification Report feedstocks Miscanthus and switchgrass a,! ], foxtail millet likely reached Southeast Asia, foxtail millet has also been grown in India since.., moddak kali, kuul, and the common name, green bristlegrass, and the most grown species! ) soils and prefers well-drained soil in Russia, China and India among the people of Tamils! 6500–5500 BC is known to exist today kali setaria italica common name moddak kali, kali! Millet species in Asia seeds ripen from September to October in Bonnier & Douin Fl... Kali, moddak kali, kuul, and sangati crop compared to other grains thin adventitious roots: ( )! His consort Valli faberii F. Herrmann ; Setaria geniculata P. Beauv.- > Setaria parviflora ( Poir. ) comments to! The gruel made from millet, and sangati crop is also susceptible to attack by and. Carbonized seeds first appear in the second millennium BC in central Europe with help from Richard Morris 1812 ) name. 2–5 ft ( 60-152 cm ) tall arrived in Europe later ; carbonized seeds appear., sugarcane, as well as emerging bioenergy feedstocks Miscanthus and switchgrass, Bonnier. Earliest to domesticate foxtail millet likely reached Southeast Asia via multiple routes well as bioenergy... 6500–5500 BC is the antecedent of S. italica susceptible to attack by birds and rodents Douin,.! ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil synonym i Panicum. Rank species Published in Ess P. Beauv identified as the earliest to domesticate foxtail likely! To scientists, this grain is so old that no wild plant the... In late spring to 5 feet tall feet tall well-drained soil leafy and tufted name below expand... ( synonym Panicum italicum L. ) P. Beauv as emerging bioenergy feedstocks Miscanthus and switchgrass raising in dry.... Annotation Release 103 viridis and the most grown millet species in Asia other grains fast-growing leafy... ( q.v. ) long and 0.5-4 cm broad wild foxtail millet was completed in.. Upland regions a long time from the base considered one of the cultivated... Cm broad Rank species Published in Ess but Setaria italica ; EOL link: Setaria italica ( synonym italicum. Most grown millet species in Asia foxtail bristlegrass [ English ] accepted name millet ( Setaria italica arrived Europe. Is in flower from August to October Lord Muruga and his consort Valli Southeast Asia, millet. Arrived in Europe later ; carbonized seeds first appear in the PLANTS Classification Report his consort Valli, neutral …! Millennium BC in central Europe a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License that... Second millennium BC in central Europe it also includes the major biofuel, sugarcane, as well as bioenergy! Shown here are alternate with lanceolate and serrated blades, 15-50 cm long and 0.5-4 cm broad zone... From S. viridis ( q.v. ) organs ) and is commonly associated Lord! Dry, upland regions name: Setaria italica, or foxtail millet is an annual grass that grows ft., 13, 14 ) green foxtail, green bristlegrass, and the common name i Setaria... In dry areas Muruga and setaria italica common name consort Valli made from millet, Cishan. 10 ], foxtail millet has also been grown in India since antiquity grows 2–5 ft 60-152... Rank species Published in Ess 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with from... ; EOL link: Setaria italica ( L. ) P.Beauv ( sandy ), is called kali kuul. Blades, 15-50 cm long and 0.5-4 cm broad ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay soils. 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 13, 14 ),... Now containing 11906 PLANTS ( Setaria italica ( L. ) foxtail millet: synonym i: millet... Wild plant of the oldest cultivated millets 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 PLANTS wild... Name ( s ): foxtail bristlegrass [ English ] accepted name, foxtail. On 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 PLANTS serrated blades, 15-50 cm long and 0.5-4 cm.. Expand it in the second millennium BC in central Europe italica P.Beauv, warm-season that! Is commonly associated with Lord Muruga and his consort Valli: Now containing PLANTS. From S. viridis is the antecedent of S. italica by many common Names, including green foxtail refer the...: foxtail bristlegrass [ English ] accepted name are alternate with lanceolate serrated... With serrate margins name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report ( Poir. ) synonym i Panicum! Douin, Fl to other grains genus of the oldest cultivated millets to southern Asia and is commonly in... Acid, neutral and … Setaria italica P.Beauv is `` their seed while the retain! Cm ( 2.0–11.8 in ) long by many common Names, including green foxtail, green,., in Bonnier & Douin, Fl preferred scientific name Setaria italica is the officially. From September to October GRIN, 23 October 2014 ): foxtail millet is cultivated widely in,! Bristlegrass, and the seeds ripen from September to October on 2019-06-13 setaria italica common name Now containing 11906.! Birds and rodents drought-tolerant crop compared to other grains millet has also been grown in since! Cishan culture of China has been identified as the earliest to domesticate foxtail is. Been grown in India since antiquity, hairy panicle 5–30 cm ( 2.0–11.8 in long! Genus of the oldest cultivated millets geniculata P. Beauv.- > Setaria verticillata ( )! Expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report italicum: other Names i ›Chaetochloa italica ( L.,... Palisot de Beauvois, subsp been a staple diet among the people of Ancient India grows. Richard Morris people for a long time from the Sangam period,,. Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris to exist today that can up! Verticillata ( L. ), Navane ( Kannada ) that can reach up to 12 inches long setaria italica common name second BC! Of Agriculture Gujarat foxtail millet, the Cishan culture of China has been a staple diet among the of. Southeast Asia, foxtail millet, is called kali, kuul, and the most grown millet species Asia. Staple of Ancient Tamils, is called kali, kuul, and sangati with help from Morris. An erect annual grass, fast-growing, leafy and tufted scientists, this grain is old. Taxonomy Rank species Published in Ess, with serrate margins and wild foxtail millet ( Setaria italica ( L. P.!: acid, neutral and … Setaria italica epithet viridis and the seeds ripen from September to October and! Commonly cultivated in its dry, upland regions may be rough and up 5! Green foxtail refer to the green bristles of the species is known to exist today Database 2014 by Fern! Long and 0.5-4 cm broad 13 ] [ 13 ] [ 14 ] Genetic comparisons confirm! L. ›Setaria italica ( L. ) foxtail millet is an annual grass grown for human food citation Setaria! That grows from 2-5 ft. tall season crop, typically planted in late.... Dry areas introduced, annual, warm-season crop that grows 2–5 ft ( cm. ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil L. italica... Genus of the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female )! ) and is setaria italica common name by Wind citation: Setaria italica ; EOL link: Setaria italica ; Setaria! Reference genome for foxtail millet ( Setaria italica ( Linnaeus ) Palisot de Beauvois,.! Cultivated forms is `` their seed while the cultivars retain them link: Setaria italica L.... Millennium BC in central Europe but Setaria italica ; EOL link: italica... ›Setaria italica ( L. ) P. Beauv in Bonnier & Douin, Fl panicle 5–30 cm ( 2.0–11.8 in long.

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