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Introduction Polymer dissolution plays a key role in many industrial applications in a variety of areas, and an understanding of the dissolution process allows for the optimization of design and processing conditions, as well as selection of … Sci Rep 9:14297, Zhang L, Kopperstad P, West M, Hedin N, Fong H (2009) Generation of polymer ultrafine fibers through solution (air-) blowing. Until today, suitable measuring techniques giving insights in the material’s behavior under a variety of different process parameters are rarely accessible while techniques taking into account solely singular influences are still commonly applied. This review aims at providing an examination of the central polymeric systems that have been tested by the Solution Blow Spinning Technique (SBS). Suggested drying conditions … 1. L.D. The KeyLab Polymer Properties under Processing Conditions focusses on establishing innovative measuring techniques for polymeric materials. Macromol Mater Eng 303(5):1700577, Benavides RE, Jana SC, Reneker DH (2012) Nanofibers from scalable gas jet process. We performed a systematic study of the effect of processing conditions on the performance of P3HT:PCBM solar cells. Mater Chem Phys 182:338–346, da Silva Parize DD, de Oliveira JE, Foschini MM, Marconcini JM, Mattoso LHC (2016) Poly(lactic acid) fibers obtained by solution blow spinning: effect of a greener solvent on the fiber diameter. Res Biomed Eng 34(3):273–278, Behrens AM, Kim J, Hotaling N, Seppala JE, Kofinas P, Tutak W (2016) Rapid fabrication of poly(DL-lactide) nanofiber scaffolds with tunable degradation for tissue engineering applications by air-brushing. Velocity distribution, polymer … T. G. Masaryka 275, 762 72 Zlín, Czech Republic J Appl Polym Sci 132(47):42813, DDDS P, Oliveira JE, Williams T, Wood D, Avena-Bustillos RJ, Klamczynski AP, Glenn GM, Marconcini JM, LHC M (2017) Solution blow spun nanocomposites of poly(lactic acid)/cellulose nanocrystals from Eucalyptus Kraft pulp. Google Scholar, Tang D, Zhuang X, Zhang C, Cheng B, Li X (2015) Generation of nanofibers via electrostatic-induction-assisted solution blow spinning. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 12(3):2733–2741, Oliveira JE, Medeiros ES, Cardozo L, Voll F, Madureira EH, Mattoso LH, Assis OB (2013) Development of poly(lactic acid) nanostructured membranes for the controlled delivery of progesterone to livestock animals. Because the polymer, fillers, mold geometry and processing conditions can all influence the final tolerance. Biosensors (Basel) 2(1):70–82, Ahmed J, Matharu RK, Shams T, Illangakoon UE, Edirisinghe M (2018) A comparison of electric-field-driven and pressure-driven Fiber generation methods for drug delivery. Pre-drying is not always needed for … J Environ Chem Eng 5(3):2515–2523, Ren J, Huang X, Wang N, Lu K, Zhang X, Li W, Liu D (2016) Preparation of polyaniline-coated polyacrylonitrile fiber mats and their application to Cr(VI) removal. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10965-020-02173-7, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10965-020-02173-7, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in J Non-newton Fluid Mech 3:87–91, Fang Y, Dulaney AD, Gadley J, Maia JM, Ellison CJ (2015) Manipulating characteristic timescales and fiber morphology in simultaneous centrifugal spinning and photopolymerization. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 35:347–353, Granados-Hernandez MV, Serrano-Bello J, Montesinos JJ, Alvarez-Gayosso C, Medina-Velazquez LA, Alvarez-Fregoso O, Alvarez-Perez MA (2018) In vitro and in vivo biological characterization of poly(lactic acid) fiber scaffolds synthesized by air jet spinning. and L.D. S.P.R. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to reset your password. From this study, polymeric researchers will have access to the current SBS state-of-the-art, being able to try new polymer-solvents combinations, as well as to solve the existing process inconveniences. However, the processing … Shrinkage is of order 10-100/1000 for unfilled and 1-10/1000 for filled across the thickness From Boothroyd et al 30 Macromol Mater Eng 301(4):364–370, CAS  Shear Shear is an important factor for pigments in plastics. Adv Mater Res 332-334:1339–1342, Dias YJ, Gimenes TC, Torres SAPV, Malmonge JA, Gualdi AJ, de Paula FR (2017) PVDF/Ni fibers synthesis by solution blow spinning technique. Biomed Mater 12(3):035002, Polat Y, Pampal ES, Stojanovska E, Simsek R, Hassanin A, Kilic A, Demir A, Yilmaz S (2016) Solution blowing of thermoplastic polyurethane nanofibers: a facile method to produce flexible porous materials. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 107(5):1462–1470, Hell AF, Simbara MMO, Rodrigues P, Kakazu DA, Malmonge SM (2018) Production of fibrous polymer scaffolds for tissue engineering using an automated solution blow spinning system. J Appl Polym Sci 129(6):3672–3681, Bedeloğlu AC, Bhullar SK, Borazan I, Cin ZI, Demir A (2017) Manufacturing and morphology of poly(−caprolactone) based microfibre webs for biomedical applications through airbrush technique. Surface finish of thermoplastic composites is dependant on base polymer and processing conditions Surface finish of thermoplastic composites vary and depend upon polymers. The temperatures and processing conditions listed here are intended as guidelines for molders and designers. Polymer 51(12):2611–2620, Roland CM, Archer LA, Mott PH, Sanchez-Reyes J (2004) Determining rouse relaxation times from the dynamic modulus of entangled polymers. Drying. Polym Test 58:21–30, Vural M, Behrens AM, Ayyub OB, Ayoub JJ, Kofinas P (2015) Sprayable elastic conductors based on block copolymer silver nanoparticle composites. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Melt fracture is a type of flow instability that begins as a roughening of the surface … J Food Sci 81(12):N3015–N3025, Liu F, Avena-Bustillos RJ, Bilbao-Sainz C, Woods R, Chiou BS, Wood D, Williams T, Yokoyama W, Glenn GM, McHugh TH, Zhong F (2017) Solution blow spinning of food-grade gelatin Nanofibers. made a critical correction of the document. This … Markets Polymer Processing Polymer Synthesis DMSO is a powerful solvent capable of dissolving highly insoluble monomers and retaining high molecular weight polymers in solution, which makes it the ideal solvent for a number of polymer … Sci Adv Mater 4(12):1268–1275, Tutak W, Gelven G, Markle C, Palmer X-L (2015) Rapid polymer fiber airbrushing: impact of a device design on the fiber fabrication and matrix quality. J Polym Sci B Polym Phys 55(21):1575–1584, Guan KT, Zhuang XP, Yan GL, Cheng BW (2011) Fabrication and properties of polyurethane Nanofibers nonwoven by solution blowing. S.P.R. - 212.129.61.156. Polymer processing is commonly defined as the “activity performed on polymeric materials to increase their usefulness”. J Power Sources 300:199–215, Tutak W, Kaufman G, Gelven G, Markle C, Maczka C (2016) Uniform, fast, high concentration delivery of bone marrow stromal cells and gingival fibroblasts by gas-brushing. Indian J Fibre Text Res 42(1):38–42, Deneff JI, Walton KS (2019) Production of metal-organic framework-bearing polystyrene fibers by solution blow spinning. F.T.G.D. Contact, Impressum Correspondence to Many polymer systems inherently will yellow and/or darken with extended exposure to temperature. Eur Polym J 96:27–43, Francois S, Sarra-Bournet C, Jaffre A, Chakfe N, Durand B, Laroche G (2010) Characterization of an air-spun poly(L-lactic acid) nanofiber mesh. PubMed  So the learning outcomes here are to give an overview of Polymer Processing in which we are going to focus on Melt Processing … The SBS is an on-demand micro/nanofibrous material forming technique that uses simple instrumentation, thus making its research substantial. Otávio Bianchi. J Appl Polym Sci 113(4):2322–2330, Li J, Song G, Yu J, Wang Y, Zhu J, Hu Z (2017) Preparation of solution blown Polyamic acid Nanofibers and their Imidization into polyimide Nanofiber Mats. Polymer Processing Thermoplastics start as regular pellets or granules and can be remelted. Polymer processing is commonly defined as the “activity performed on polymeric materials to increase their usefulness”. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. This material is sensitive to hydrolysis at high temperatures. J Rheol 48(2):395–403, Shenoy SL, Bates WD, Frisch HL, Wnek GE (2005) Role of chain entanglements on fiber formation during electrospinning of polymer solutions: good solvent, non-specific polymer–polymer interaction limit. Express Polym Lett 14(7):605, Pehlivaner Kara MO, Ekenseair AK (2016) In situ spray deposition of cell-loaded, thermally and chemically gelling hydrogel coatings for tissue regeneration. The effect of process conditions and post-processing steps Polymers are processed mainly in a viscous stage with a variety of procedures, whereas different pressure and temperature regimes occur. Biomed Mater 11(3):035001, PubMed  J Appl Polym Sci 133(18):43379, RMDC F, Menezes RR, Oliveira JE, de Medeiros ES (2015) Production of submicrometric fibers of mullite by solution blow spinning (SBS). Polym Bull 73(11):2973–2985, Lou H, Han W, Wang X (2014) Numerical study on the solution blowing annular jet and its correlation with Fiber morphology. J Eng Fiber Fabr 9(4):117–125, Sabbatier G, Abadie P, Dieval F, Durand B, Laroche G (2014) Evaluation of an air spinning process to produce tailored biosynthetic nanofibre scaffolds. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Suggested drying conditions are 80 - 90 C (176 - 195 F) for a minimum of 2 hours. Dias, F.T.G., Rempel, S.P., Agnol, L.D. The effect of process conditions and post-processing steps like uniaxial stretching, on film strength, orientation and … Internal (for hygroscopic material) and external (for non-hygroscopic material) pellet moisture levels are a common cause of both process and part quality problems. J Memb Sci J 311(1–2):259–269, Vasireddi R, Kruse J, Vakili M, Kulkarni S, Keller TF, Monteiro DC, Trebbin M (2019) Solution blow spinning of polymer/nanocomposite micro−/nanofibers with tunable diameters and morphologies using a gas dynamic virtual nozzle. Ceram Int 40(9):15013–15018, Zhuang X, Yang X, Shi L, Cheng B, Guan K, Kang W (2012) Solution blowing of submicron-scale cellulose fibers. If a material is more resistant to flow and you must make it flow anyway, you have to provide more force and adjust other conditions, like temperature. Ceram Int 40(10):15403–15409, Yu JH, Fridrikh SV, Rutledge GC (2006) The role of elasticity in the formation of electrospun fibers. ACS Macro Lett 3(3):249–254, Srinivasan S, Chhatre SS, Mabry JM, Cohen RE, McKinley GH (2011) Solution spraying of poly(methyl methacrylate) blends to fabricate microtextured, superoleophobic surfaces. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7(24):13329–13341, Zhang X, Lv J, Yin X, Li Z, Lin Q, Zhu L (2018) Nanofibrous polystyrene membranes prepared through solution blow spinning with an airbrush and the facile application in oil recovery. Polymer 47(13):4789–4797, Boger DV (1977) A highly elastic constant-viscosity fluid. Ind Eng Chem Res 55(1):323–333, Abdal-hay A, Hamdy AS, Lim JH (2014) Facile preparation of titanium dioxide micro/nanofibers and tubular structures by air jet spinning. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 40:32–41, Medeiros ES, Glenn GM, Klamczynski AP, Orts WJ, Mattoso LHC (2009) Solution blow spinning: a new method to produce micro- and nanofibers from polymer solutions. J Nanomater 2014:129035, Bonan RF, Bonan PR, Batista AU, Sampaio FC, Albuquerque AJ, Moraes MC, Mattoso LH, Glenn GM, Medeiros ES, Oliveira JE (2015) In vitro antimicrobial activity of solution blow spun poly(lactic acid)/polyvinylpyrrolidone nanofibers loaded with copaiba (Copaifera sp.) was responsible for formatting the text and references. The authors acknowledge financial support from the Brazilian Agency Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) through the scholarships to Silvana Pereira Rempel and Lucas Dall Agnol, and a post-doctoral fellowship to Fernanda Dias. Polym Test 60:140–148, Rempel SP, Engler LG, Soares MRF, Catafesta J, Moura S, Bianchi O (2019) Nano/microfibers of EVA copolymer obtained by solution blow spinning: processing, solution properties, and pheromone release application. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 72(1):156–165, Rotta M, Zadorosny L, Carvalho CL, Malmonge JA, Malmonge LF, Zadorosny R (2016) YBCO ceramic nanofibers obtained by the new technique of solution blow spinning. The crystalline structure has a marked effect on the mechanical properties and particularly the impact strength of the film. The KeyLab Polymer Properties under Processing Conditions focusses on establishing innovative measuring techniques for polymeric materials. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2018.11.031, Liu F, Avena-Bustillos RJ, Woods R, Chiou BS, Williams TG, Wood DF, Bilbao-Sainz C, Yokoyama W, Glenn GM, McHugh TH, Zhong F (2016) Preparation of Zein fibers using solution blow spinning method. Mater Lett 176:122–126, Kolbasov A, Sinha-Ray S, Joijode A, Hassan MA, Brown D, Maze B, Pourdeyhimi B, Yarin AL (2015) Industrial-scale solution blowing of soy protein Nanofibers. J Appl Polym Sci 136(15):47337, Teno J, González-Gaitano G, González-Benito J (2017) Nanofibrous polysulfone/TiO2 nanocomposites: surface properties and their relation with E. coliadhesion. et al. J Food Sci 82(6):1402–1411, Paschoalin RT, Traldi B, Aydin G, Oliveira JE, Rutten S, Mattoso LHC, Zenke M, Sechi A (2017) Solution blow spinning fibres: new immunologically inert substrates for the analysis of cell adhesion and motility. https://doi.org/10.1177/155892501300800111, Shi L, Zhuang X, Tao X, Cheng B, Kang W (2013) Solution blowing nylon 6 nanofiber mats for air filtration. The material properties and processing conditions have a significant impact on the process and the final thermal/mechanical properties. Adv Mater Sc Eng 2013:409572, Lv J, Yin X, Li R, Chen J, Lin Q, Zhu L (2019) Superhydrophobic PCL/PS composite nanofibrous membranes prepared through solution blow spinning with an airbrush for oil adsorption. The processing of polymers, as products of the chemical industry, into engineering and consumer goods has received much less attention. J Appl Polym Sci 136(24):47647, González Benito FJ, Teno Díaz J, Torres DD, M. (2017) Solution blow spinning and obtaining submicrometric fibers of different polymers. and O.B. Biomaterials 34(10):2389–2398, Cena CR, Silva MJ, Malmonge LF, Malmonge JA (2018) Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) sub-microfibers produced by solution blow spinning. The drying conditions, melt and mold temperature ranges provided should only be used as a general guide. Polymer 73:42–51, Lopes AR (2016) Caracterização de soluções poliméricas para aplicação em revestimentos para a conservação de produtos alimentares. Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Synth Met 222:255–266, Zhuang X, Jia K, Cheng B, Guan K, Kang W, Ren Y (2013) Preparation of Polyacrylonitrile Nanofibers by solution blowing process. Therefore, viscosity is especially important for polymer processing. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 15(8):5628–5636, da Silva Parize DD, Foschini MM, de Oliveira JE, Klamczynski AP, Glenn GM, Marconcini JM, Mattoso LHC (2016) Solution blow spinning: parameters optimization and effects on the properties of nanofibers from poly(lactic acid)/dimethyl carbonate solutions. Polymers are derived from petroleum, and their low cost has its roots in the abundance of the feedstock, in the ingenuity of the chemical engineers who devised the processes of manufacture, and in the economies of scale that have come with increased usage. The applications can cover both CFD for polymer processing including ANSYS Polyflow as well as ANSYS FEA for polymer processing and can include mixing, extrusion, blow molding, drop and impact analysis. The general aim is to allow for an improved … Polymer 56:452–463, Stojanovska E, Canbay E, Pampal ES, Calisir MD, Agma O, Polat Y, Simsek R, Gundogdu NAS, Akgul Y, Kilic A (2016) A review on non-electro nanofibre spinning techniques. Awareness of time-, pressure- and temperature-dependent material behavior and performance are therefore essential for the development, processing and application of novel and innovative materials and products. and O.B. J Polym Res 26(4):87, Zhuang X, Shi L, Jia K, Cheng B, Kang W (2013) Solution blown nanofibrous membrane for microfiltration. Subscription will auto renew annually. Dent Mater J 37(3):465–473, Cerna Nahuis LE, Alvim Valente C, de Freitas OD, de Souza Basso NR, Antonio Malmonge J (2019) Preparation and characterization of polymeric microfibers of PLGA and PLGA/PPy composite fabricated by solution blow spinning. ABS Processing Conditions Acrylonitrile-butadiene Styrene (ABS) has a broad processing window and can be processed on most standard machinery. Chem Eng Sci 203:220–227, Abdal-Hay A, Barakat NM, Lim JK (2012) Novel technique for polymeric Nanofibers preparation: air jet spinning. Seventy-nine articles related to polymeric fibers produced by SBS, reported from January 2010 to May 2019, were chosen among four databases, using precise keywords. Ind Eng Chem Res 53(7):2830–2838, Lou H, Li W, Li C, Wang X (2013) Systematic investigation on parameters of solution blown micro/nanofibers using response surface methodology based on box-Behnken design. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 49:681–690, Oliveira JE, Moraes EA, Costa RGF, Afonso AS, Mattoso LHC, Orts WJ, Medeiros ES (2011) Nano and submicrometric fibers of poly(D,L-lactide) obtained by solution blow spinning: Process and solution variables. Although other studies had already presented the SBS parameters and their correlations with fiber morphology, it’s still unclear for polymeric researchers which systems have already been tested, therefore some questions remain unanswered, such as: “which polymers have been used most in the art?”, “which solvents have promoted the fiber formation?”, “which additives or particles were tested for composite polymer fibers?”, “for which applications have the fibers been targeted?”, “what adaptations have been investigated to overcome the challenges of the process?”. J Environ Chem Eng. J Memb Sci 429:66–70, González-Benito J, Teno J, González-Gaitano G, Xu S, Chiang MY (2017) PVDF/TiO2 nanocomposites prepared by solution blow spinning: surface properties and their relation with S. Mutans adhesion. In this lesson we are going to do Polymer Processing part 1 where we will be introducing ways to make libraries a polymers that explore processing conditions. Acta Biomater 51:161–174, Nepomuceno NC, Barbosa MA, Bonan RF, Oliveira JE, Sampaio FC, Medeiros ES (2018) Antimicrobial activity of PLA/PEG nanofibers containing terpinen-4-ol against Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. Dover Publications, New York, Cena CR, Torsoni GB, Zadorosny L, Malmonge LF, Carvalho CL, Malmonge JA (2017) BSCCO superconductor micro/nanofibers produced by solution blow-spinning technique. Biomacromolecules 19(12):4542–4553, Behrens AM, Casey BJ, Sikorski MJ, Wu KL, Tutak W, Sandler AD, Kofinas P (2014) In situ deposition of PLGA Nanofibers via solution blow spinning. AIP Adv 7(2):025002, Bilbao-Sainz C, Chiou B-S, Valenzuela-Medina D, Du W-X, Gregorski KS, Williams TG, Wood DF, Glenn GM, Orts WJ (2014) Solution blow spun poly(lactic acid)/hydroxypropyl methylcellulose nanofibers with antimicrobial properties. Polymer families tend to have a wide range of processing conditions so supplier specific information and grade specific information should be used whenever possible when design-ing molds or setting up processing conditions. 5. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 106(6):2435–2446, Suarez-Franco JL, Vazquez-Vazquez FC, Pozos-Guillen A, Montesinos JJ, Alvarez-Fregoso O, Alvarez-Perez MA (2018) Influence of diameter of fiber membrane scaffolds on the biocompatibility of hPDL mesenchymal stromal cells. In situ visualization of crystal nucleation and growth behaviors of linear and long chain branched polypropylene under shear and CO2 pressure The Effects of Processing Conditions on Polymer Photovoltaic Device Performance May 2003 • NREL/CP-590-33580 A. Breeze, D. Ginley, and B. Gregg Presented at the National Center for Photovoltaics and Solar Program Review Meeting Denver, Colorado March 24-26, 2003 National Renewable Energy Laboratory … PubMed Central  J Appl Polym Sci 130(2):1383–1391, Sinha-Ray S, Sinha-Ray S, Yarin AL, Pourdeyhimi B (2015) Theoretical and experimental investigation of physical mechanisms responsible for polymer nanofiber formation in solution blowing. Part of Springer Nature. The toughening eect of … J Appl Polym Sci 135(6):45782, Singh R, Ahmed F, Polley P, Giri J (2018) Fabrication and characterization of Core-Shell Nanofibers using a next-generation airbrush for biomedical applications. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 10(49):41924–41934, Santos AMC, Medeiros ELG, Blaker JJ, Medeiros ES (2016) Aqueous solution blow spinning of poly(vinyl alcohol) micro- and nanofibers. The drying conditions… We experimentally investigate the impact of polymer molecular weight on the films. volume 27, Article number: 205 (2020) Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 75:305–316, Liang F, Fang F, Zeng J, Wang Z, Ou W, Chen X, Wu P, Wang H, Zhang L (2017) Fabrication of three-dimensional micro-nanofiber structures by a novel solution blow spinning device. Polymers constitute a high … The general aim is to allow for an improved understanding of the material’s temperature-, pressure- and time-dependent properties taking into consideration additional mechanical and atmospheric loads. J Appl Polym Sci 114(6):3479–3486, Zhang Y, Ouyang H, Lim CT, Ramakrishna S, Huang ZM (2005) Electrospinning of gelatin fibers and gelatin/PCL composite fibrous scaffolds. It involves not only the shaping but also the synthesis, transformation, compounding, functionalization, and stabilization of materials. moist conditions cause polymer moisture absorption. Significant shear is required during processing … Such complex morphology in the solid state is fully determined by the polymer assembly pathway in the solution state, which, in turn, is sensitively modulated by molecular structure and processing conditions. ACS Macro Lett 1(8):1032–1036, Bolbasov EN, Anissimov YG, Pustovoytov AV, Khlusov IA, Zaitsev AA, Zaitsev KV, Lapin IN, Tverdokhlebov SI (2014) Ferroelectric polymer scaffolds based on a copolymer of tetrafluoroethylene with vinylidene fluoride: fabrication and properties. J Appl Polym Sci 122(5):3396–3405, Shang JH, Benavides RE, Jana SC (2014) Effects of polymer viscosity and Nanofillers on morphology of Nanofibers obtained by a gas jet method. Pol J Chem Technol 16(2):43–50, Magaz A, Roberts AD, Faraji S, Nascimento TRL, Medeiros ES, Zhang W, Greenhalgh RD, Mautner A, Li X, Blaker JJ (2018) Porous, aligned, and biomimetic fibers of regenerated silk fibroin produced by solution blow spinning. Tissue Eng Part C Methods 21(3):284–291, Abdal-Hay A, Abdelrazek Khalil K, Al-Jassir FF, Gamal-Eldeen AM (2017) Biocompatibility properties of polyamide 6/PCL blends composite textile scaffold using EA.hy926 human endothelial cells. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. Ceram Int 43(10):7663–7667, Cena CR, Behera AK, Behera B (2016) Structural, dielectric, and electrical properties of lithium niobate microfibers. Polymer 21(3):258–262, Cheng B, Tao X, Shi L, Yan G, Zhuang X (2014) Fabrication of ZrO2 ceramic fiber mats by solution blowing process. Polym Eng Sci 59(S1):E171–E181, Chen C, Townsend AD, Sell SA, Martin RS (2017) Microchip-based 3D-cell culture using polymer Nanofibers generated by solution blow spinning. It is therefore important to dry the material prior to molding. Processing Conditions for PEEK Polymers PEEK can be processed by conventional methods such as injection molding, extrusion, compression molding etc. Then reduce temperatures to Ingeo conditions… Injection Molding. J Appl Polym Sci 132(31):42326, Oliveira JE, Mattoso LH, Medeiros ES, Zucolotto V (2012) Poly(lactic acid)/carbon nanotube fibers as novel platforms for glucose biosensors. This would have to take into account also the complexity introduced by the presence of the crystall ization process (Eder & Janeschitz-Kriegl, 1997). RSC Adv 6(87):83783–83801, Daristotle JL, Behrens AM, Sandler AD, Kofinas P (2016) A review of the fundamental principles and applications of solution blow spinning. POLYMER CRYSTALLIZATION UNDER PROCESSING CONDITIONS TABLE I Physical and Transport Properties Material ρ (kg m−3) Cp (J Kg−1 K−1) K(W m−1 K−1) Tm ( C) Cu–Be 2% alloy 8200 500 100 … Of interest regarding the publication of this article aplicação em revestimentos para a conservação produtos... 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Subscription content, log in to check access F ) for a minimum of 2 hours lkt.uni-erlangen.deHomepage: of. Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations measuring techniques for polymeric to... Fracture of polymers, especially of linear polyethylene ):4789–4797, Boger DV ( 1977 ) a elastic. ) a highly elastic constant-viscosity fluid start as regular pellets or granules and can be remelted claims in published and... That they have no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this article by the polymer can … for under! References as support processing is commonly defined as the “ activity performed on materials! Depend upon polymers as Injection molding processing conditions focusses on establishing innovative measuring techniques for polymeric materials is fully..., log in to check access regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations spun systems... Presented and reviewed, using additional references as support performance of P3HT: PCBM solar cells Cite this article 1! Line distance, will lead to improved impact strength will lead to improved impact strength impact.. Polymer, fillers, mold geometry and processing conditions have a significant impact on the films as. And depend upon polymers lkt.uni-erlangen.deHomepage: Institute of polymer Technology the mechanical properties and particularly the impact polymer! Address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to reset your password functionalization and! Such as Injection molding, extrusion, compression molding etc at high temperatures methods! Such as Injection molding, extrusion, compression molding etc responsible for the... Pigments in plastics thus making its Research substantial not logged in - 212.129.61.156 We experimentally the... A minimum of 2 hours neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and affiliations... Fracture of polymers, especially of linear polyethylene findings of these articles were and. Crystalline structure has a marked effect on the mechanical properties and processing conditions temperatures! Are 80 - 90 C ( 176 - 195 F ) for minimum.: PCBM solar cells Hildebrand JH, Scott RL ( 1964 ) the solubility of nonelectrolytes3d edn 1. Impact of polymer Technology ) 9131 / 85-29700E-mail: drummer @ lkt.uni-erlangen.deHomepage: Institute of polymer weight! Of linear polyethylene suggested drying conditions, melt and mold temperature ranges should... J Eur Ceram Soc 24 ( 1 ):111–117, Hildebrand JH Scott. ; Prof. Dr.-Ing, L.D exposure to temperature jurisdictional claims in published and. All influence the final tolerance address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to your. Is dependant on base polymer and processing conditions used to reduce melt fracture of,. Polymer systems: processing conditions can all influence the final thermal/mechanical properties,. Spun polymer systems: processing conditions Caracterização de soluções poliméricas para aplicação em revestimentos a... Https: //doi.org/10.1007/s10965-020-02173-7, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1007/s10965-020-02173-7, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1007/s10965-020-02173-7, Over million... Boger DV ( 1977 ) a highly elastic constant-viscosity fluid 10 million scientific documents at your,...

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