None of the evangelists had the intention to write a complete description of the life... 3. He really paints a picture of what was happening at the time. The theology of Romans (written c. 57) is every bit (chs. The Books of the Bible reunites Luke and Acts and treats them as "two volumes of a single work." God's own glory is made visible in him ("Anyone The second half, Acts, is traditionally placed after the gospels, so that the book of John creates a barrier between the halves. These changes are quite in harmony with John's conception of Jesus as "the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!" author is the apostle John, "the disciple whom Jesus loved" (13:23 [see note knew them (or any one of them) continues to be debated. The Bible is an enormous book covering much information and many subjects. It is an important book in understanding how we can be directed by the Holy Spirit and the role of Jesus' lessons in our lives. In an obvious reference to the Christian practice of celebrating the Eucharist, or the Lord's Supper, John quotes Jesus as saying, "Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in him." In the Gospel of John, the central theme is the divine Logos, the word that was with God and that was God. John's treatment of the miracle stories is especially significant. Book Overview - John 1. Copyright 2002 © Zondervan. (, Jesus' Trials before Jewish and Roman Officials Only God can impart the power to human beings to do this. In John's gospel, only seven miracles are reported, and in no one of these instances is the real meaning of the story dependent on its historical accuracy, which is not to say that John has any doubts about the events' historical accuracy. The seven miracle stories recorded in John are, first, the turning of water into wine at a marriage feast in Cana; second, the healing of a nobleman's son who was at the point of death; third, the healing of a man at the sheep-gate pool; fourth, the walking on water; fifth, the feeding of five thousand; sixth, the healing of the man born blind; and seventh, the raising of Lazarus. a.d. 85 or later (see Introduction to 1 John: Date). Salem Media Group. All rights reserved. In this way, John conceives the relationship between the divine and the human. In reply, Jesus says, "Neither this man nor his parents sinned, but this happened so that the power of God might be displayed in his life." At any rate, the story in Luke closes with the statement that those who do not believe Moses and the prophets will not be convinced, even if a person raised from the dead should speak to them. It is the presence of the Logos, or Spirit of God, in human life that really nourishes the spiritual quality of a person's life. Removing #book# Peculiarities Jesus' last words — "It is finished" — carry a double meaning, for they indicate not only that Jesus is about to die but that the whole purpose of the incarnation is now complete. In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth but this is prior to the beginning when there was simply the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was God. The Logos is identified with God and is the spirit that dwelt in the human being known as Jesus of Nazareth. of John has many touches that appear to reflect the recollections of an eyewitness -- such Authorship It is not possible to learn everything about it in thirty 7 Bible God Jesus Holy Spirit Angels Man Sin ... And if you want to learn to understand the Bible, you must first learn how the Bible is put together. In one of the discourses, Jesus explains his relation to God the Father by using the parable of the vine and the branches. sometimes used the present tense when speaking of the past. Although a variety of Some guesses are better than others, but are still just that Œ guesses. The purpose of this gospel, as stated by John himself, is to show that Jesus of Nazareth was Christ, the Son of God, and that believers in him might have eternal life. What is important is that the prayer contains that which John believes to be implicit in the life and teachings of Jesus. John's Gospel is rather different from the other three. The Book of James – A Detailed Commentary Basic Training Bible Ministries Page 2 Introduction to James Background of the Book The Epistle of James is one of the general epistles, including 1 and 2 Peter, 1, 2 and 3 John, and Jude. One of the advantages of the Gospel of John is that it presents the meaning of Christianity in a way that makes its validity dependent on neither scientific accuracy nor historical verification. Jesus at the Feast of Tabernacles and Disputes John the Baptist's Final Testimony about Third, read the letters that Christ’s apostles wrote to His first followers—all who were new in their faith. God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes By performing the work of a servant, Jesus not only gives to his disciples an example of humility that they are to follow, but the water used in the service is a symbol of that spiritual cleansing essential for all those who become true followers of him. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Lazarus is typical of all human beings. John records only seven miracles, considerably less than the number reported in the Synoptic Gospels. to in any earlier writing known to us (2:1 [see note there]; 21:2). In the Synoptic Gospels, the purpose of the miracles appears to be that of presenting evidence to support the claim that Jesus is the true Messiah. that John wrote this Gospel, and all other evidence agrees (see Introduction Second, read Acts, the exciting story of how Jesus Christ’s first disciples told others about how He died and rose again. More recently, some interpreters have suggested an earlier date, perhaps 5:3; cp. John Stott's Understanding the Bible is a really useful guide for Bible readers. The Gospel of John is the latest-written of the four biographies of Jesus that have been preserved in the New Testament. Quite often, recognizing whether a passage is poetry, proverb, or history and discerning how the author built his book will unlock its meaning for today's reader. (. (Books of the Bible are typically listed in the front of the Bible.) In him the full grace and truth of God has shown itself. This position is a fortunate one for modern readers since we have no adequate means for determining exactly what happened in regard to any of the reported events. The first twelve chapters describe Jesus' public ministry, beginning with his meeting John the Baptist and closing with the visit of the Greeks who came to worship at the Feast of Passover. This Logos became flesh and dwelt among men in the person of Jesus of Nazareth. Book 5 John and Grace Robertson Book 6 Bob and Vic McCallum Book 7 Chue Petnamngern Book 8 Vic and Jean Fleming In the present book, as in my other books, my aim is to provide biblical reference material that ... try to understand what each book is saying, and then let the Bible do whatever it wants to do. The author knew Jewish life well, as seen This divine spirit motivated Jesus' activities and enabled him to meet triumphantly the temptations to which all human beings are subject. Proud member The feeding of the five thousand appears to be taken from the Synoptic Gospels, which present the story as evidence that Jesus is the Messiah because he worked miracles. the Bread of Life (. Luke-Acts was also presented as a single book in The Original New Testament (1985).) John does not regard the stories' miraculous elements themselves as having great significance but rather the spiritual meanings that he finds implicit in them. BibleTract.org Bible Studies The Book of John Series Scott Huckaby is developing a Bible Study series that will be a verse-by-verse exposition of the book of John. jar (see 12:3 and note). When Jesus heals a man who was born blind, his disciples inquire of him, "Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?" Take the Bible literally unless the text says otherwise. Following the prayer, John describes the events that culminate in the crucifixion of Jesus and reports the words that Jesus utters while on the cross. The interpretation of Christianity set forth in the Gospel of John may be characterized as mystical in the same sense that Paul's letters are mystical. of theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Gospel of John. We may be sure that the language used is that of John rather than of Jesus, for it contains the same type of statements used throughout the Gospels, and there are places where Jesus is referred to in the third person, but this is a relatively unimportant item. Early writers such as Irenaeus and Tertullian say The Gospel That it was done in the person of Jesus is all the evidence needed to assure that triumph over evil is a possibility for humans and that the ultimate overthrow of the forces of evil is something that has now been made certain. All rights reserved. a series of "I am" claims on Jesus' lips echoes God's naming of himself in It is to these Christians that Jesus' words to God are addressed: "My prayer is not that you take them out of the world but that you protect them from the evil one.". It’s not so much of a historical account but more of a deep understanding of where Jesus was coming from. John begins with the profound announcement that Jesus is the "in the beginning" And when Jesus says to the group of disciples, "And you are clean, though not every one of you," he is referring to Judas, who betrays Jesus by contacting Jesus' enemies. (, Feeding the 5,000 and Jesus' Claim to Be Confess the Son and listen to the apostles - 1 John 2:18-4:6. This symbolic washing is the meaning of Jesus' statement made to Peter: "Unless I wash you, you have no part with me." Jesus' Public Ministry: Signs and Discourses The literary style of this witness of Jesus is This type of mysticism unites the believer with God, yet it does so without destroying the individuality of either. Whether or not he John is so different from the rest of the gospels. Instead, the important meaning of the story is the spiritual food that alone can sustain the quality of living that characterizes true followers of Jesus. John the Baptist's Testimony about Jesus The Gospel of John, a favorite book of the Bible, gives us the story behind the stories of the Gospels. to be the light of life for the world. © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Disciples (. (, Epilogue: Jesus' Recommissioning of the Because he believed so firmly in the new Christian movement, he wanted to write a gospel that set forth its essential truth in the best possible manner. In a long and remarkable prayer that John attributes to Jesus, the meaning and significance of Jesus' entire career are neatly summarized. In this connection, Jesus speaks of going to the Father in order that the Comforter or Spirit of God may be present in the hearts and minds of the believers and thus continue through the church the work that Jesus did while dwelling in their midst, which is John's version of the second coming. Without the indwelling presence of the Spirit of God, all human life is meaningless. Ex 3:14, further strengthening the link between the Father and the Son (see Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# argue for a late origin. Jesus' words to Nicodemus nicely summarize this Gospel's central theme: "For and any corresponding bookmarks? God's love and faith in his Son assure us - 1 John 4:7-5:12. Unlike the Gospel of Mark, the story of the anointing of Jesus by Mary is placed before rather than after Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem, and the Passover meal with the disciples is said to have taken place one day earlier than in the account given in the Synoptic Gospels. (rather than "was") a pool "near the Sheep Gate" may suggest a time before Further, the statement in 5:2 that there "is" from your Reading List will also remove any Jesus taught to love others as much as yourself and to love God as the one and only God. From the NIV Study Bible, Introductions to the Books of the Bible, John The importance of the Gospel of John can scarcely be overestimated. For the main emphases of the book see notes on 1:4,7,9,14,19,49; 2:4,11; 3:27; 4:34; 6:35; 13:1 -- 17:26; 13:31; 17:1-2,5; 20:31. As a typical human being, he possessed no extraordinary power that is not available to anyone else who asks for it and who meets the conditions for receiving it. All of the evidence we have is what the individuals who made the records believed to have happened. Because God was present in Jesus, it is appropriate to refer to Jesus as the Son of God, which is an example of what can happen in the life of anyone else in whom the power of God dwells. The book of John is an eyewitness account of Jesus’ ministry (AD 29-33) enriched by the author’s understanding of Jewish traditions and accurate geographical knowledge of Palestine. Because the paschal lamb used as a sacrifice by the ancient Jews was always slain on the day before the Passover, it seemed most appropriate to John that the sacrifice of Jesus should be in conformity with the ancient tradition. also unique among the Gospels; here focus is on the "signs" of Jesus' identity We want to keep in mind that there’s a direct link with the end of chapter 2 and recalling that the text itself never had the original verse and chapter divisions. In this respect, Christian mysticism differs from those types in which individual personality is destroyed by becoming wholly absorbed in the deity. Since the letter identifies no specific church, location, or individual to whom it was sent, its classification is as a “general epistle”. Title: The epistle’s title has always been “1 John”. Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.". For instance, he summarises very well the long, tortuous and complex history of the Jewish people from the Exodus from Egypt until the Coming of Christ. Author. Also, He was prominent in the early church but The central theme in the Synoptic Gospels is the coming of the kingdom of God, and it was in relation to this event that the accounts were given of the life and teachings of Jesus. John says nothing of a supernatural birth. The wide spread misunderstanding of this verse among Christians is the source of much of the confusion that exists regarding who the One Most High God of the Bible is. The word ﬁloveﬂ or its derivatives occur some 62 times in these three books. The same point of view is expressed again in the account of Jesus' conversation with the woman at the Samarian well. This summary of the book of 3 John provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Book of 3 John. John's answer to this question is his statement, "The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us." Faith creates confidence and understanding - 1 John 5:13-21. At times, this opposition led to severe persecution, and some Christians wanted to withdraw from direct contact with the people of the world. After this comes the proclamation that oppose the continuing followers of John the Baptist), the author himself states Because John is interpreting the meaning of Jesus' earthly career from the perspective of the post-resurrection experiences and beliefs of the Christian community, these discourses are presented as though they were made in anticipation of the events that followed. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. In reply to her questions concerning the proper place and manner of worship, Jesus explains that external forms of worship are not as important as worshipping the Father "in spirit and truth.". He quotes Jesus as saying, "Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days," which is a reference to John's belief that Jesus' death and resurrection have brought about a new and more meaningful conception of salvation. The Book of John. Paul expresses this conception in the words "I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me." 13-17), Jesus washes the disciples' feet joy (, For himself -- that he be glorified California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. The Christian community, at the time when John wrote, was experiencing a great deal of opposition, not only from Jews but from Romans and others who were skeptical of the claims that Christians were making. The Gospel of John is the latest-written of the four biographies of Jesus that have been preserved in the New Testament. The miracles are signs not of the imminence of the coming of God's kingdom as that term is used in the Synoptic Gospels but of the presence of the Logos, or the power of God, which brings about a transformation in people's lives. This is the King James Version of the Audio Bible. Of the eight miracles recorded in this book, six are unique, (among the Gospels), to John, as is the "Upper Room Discourse" (John 14-17). The Understanding the Books of the Bible study series helps readers understand the biblical story by not only talking about what the authors wrote, but also how they wrote. The Understanding the Books of the Bible series doesn’t do that. In the story of the resurrection of Lazarus, the brother of Mary and Martha, John's interpretation of the signs reaches its climax. (, The disciples' grief will turn to It was written back in ’58. In one of these, Jesus drives out the buyers and sellers from the Temple. is not mentioned by name in this Gospel -- which would be natural if he wrote John replaces, at least in part, the apocalyptic expectations present in all three of the Synoptic Gospels. Only by coming under the influence of his spirit can we pass from darkness into light. John reports the story as it was customarily understood, but the use that he makes of it is quite different from that of the earlier writers. Because Jesus' will is in complete harmony with the will of God, it is proper and right to refer to him as the Son of God; in this connection, we are to understand the statement "Yet to all who received him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God.". In other words, how can divinity ever be united with humanity unless one thereby becomes involved in a contradiction of terms? First, read one chapter from the Gospel of John each day. Summary. This summary of the Gospel of John provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, John's account of the ministry of Jesus consists of two parts. His hope was that he might write one that was not only true but that offered a presentation of the Christian faith that would overcome the objections of its critics and gain the respect of the educated and cultured people of his day. and mission and on lengthy, theologically rich discourses. those who hold this view point out that developed theology does not necessarily For John, the amount of physical food that came into existence was not of primary importance. from references to popular Messianic speculations (see, e.g., 1:21 and note; That this story is found only in the Gospel of John raises some questions concerning the historicity of the event, for it does not seem at all probable that the authors of the Synoptic Gospels would have failed to relate an event as important as this one if they had known about it. Matthew, Mark, and Luke tell of the birth, life, crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus, but they stress more what Jesus did than who He is. to Jesus goes its own way, highlighting matters that in the other Gospels remain He does not discuss historicity, for he has something else in mind that he regards as far more important: the spiritual lesson that he derives from the stories, whether the details are reported accurately or not. who has seen me has seen the Father," 14:9), and what he does glorifies the John wrote independently of the other Gospels (see essay and chart, p. 1943). The gospel closes with an account of the post-resurrection experiences that took place both in Jerusalem and in Galilee. The Amazon Book Review Book recommendations, author interviews, editors' picks, … in the world (see 4:34 and note). Conflict at the Feast of Dedication over The best way to understand John 1:1-18 is to replace the pronouns with the nouns they have replaced. Jesus (, Jesus' Visit to Jerusalem at an Annual Feast This relationship has always been a problem that has puzzled people. The book of John was written after the destruction of Jerusalem, in A.D. 70 and before John's exile to the island of Patmos. This division of the gospel into two parts follows the pattern used by the Synoptic Gospels' writers, but the contents of the two sections differ widely from the earlier accounts. The New Testament - A Brief … In this case, the historical accuracy of an event as reported would be crucial. 70, when Jerusalem was destroyed. Outline of the Book of 1 John God is light, and love is the supreme commandment - 1 John 1:1-2:17. The author is John the apostle. John declares, "But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name" (John 20:31). In it, he provides a theological overview as well setting the historical and geographical context for its stories. Throughout John's gospel, Jesus appears in the role of a human being, which is especially important because it means that he is an example for other people to follow. The last phrase in John 2 said, “Because He did not need anyone to testify concerning man, for He Himself knew what was in man.” It’s … Read the book of John from the Bible with full chapters, summary and outline, Bible commentary, and our favorite verses to help you study and understand Scripture. John says that just as the branch cannot bear fruit except that the fruit abides in the vine, so a Christian cannot live the good life unless Christ abides within that person. He believes that the function of the Christian church is to follow the guidance and direction of this spirit until the whole world has been transformed into a kingdom of God. This objective helps us to understand many of the unique characteristics of John's gospel, especially the ones that sharply contrast the Synoptic Gospels. In both instances, the essence of salvation is the mystical union of the human and the divine. Father. Those who fail to understand Jesus and the purpose of his mission in the world are spiritually blind. precedence over the prohibition of working on the Sabbath (see note on 7:22). Lazarus was dead for four days, and at the call of Jesus he came back to life. as the house at Bethany being filled with the fragrance of the broken perfume The most significant thing about Jesus is that the divine Logos was present in him, and all of the marvelous things that he accomplished were by virtue of the power of God. This is one of my own personal favorites of all the sixty-six books of the Bible. THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS The Bible has two major divisions: the Old Testament and the ... John 1 Thessalonians … 7:40-42), to the hostility between Jews and Samaritans (see 4:9 and note), Strikingly, Jesus Christ's life(from the virgin birth to His ministry, crucifixion, and resurrection) is the basis for the four Gospels-- the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. implicit and underdeveloped. Summary and Analysis The Gospel of John. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Throughout Christian history, it has been read and cherished far more than any of the other preserved accounts of Jesus' life. Understanding John Chapter One By Joel Hemphill “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God” (John 1:1). All rights reserved. As John interprets the story, its deeper meaning is disclosed in a statement that Jesus makes: "I am the resurrection and the life. Below is a modified transcript from the audio lesson. It is the first and largest in a series of 3 epistles that bear the Apostle John’s name. This does not contradict the statement of Clement referred to above. Jesus' Identity (, Jesus' Farewell Discourses and Prayer (chs. Accordingly, the account of the miracles is followed immediately by a discourse in which Jesus says, "I am the bread of life." 14:15). The traditional view places it toward the end of the first century, c. The Father works through the Son for the redemption of the world, but the task must be continued after the earthly career of the Son has ended. Though it is one of easiest books to read, John is also one of the most profound books to understand. Through Christ's own words, we understand the simple truth of His message. This narrative device is exemplified in the story of the foot-washing that precedes the eating of the Passover meal. This will help you understand the basics of the Gospel. it, but hard to explain otherwise. This use of the miracle stories for the purpose of teaching spiritual lessons is made possible by analogies and, in many instances, by allegorizing the materials found in the stories. This meaning of the story is given special emphasis in the narratives that follow. Necessarily argue for a late origin cover the same period of time evangelists had the intention write... ( chs read, John Copyright 2002 © Zondervan two parts a contradiction of terms removing # book from... Call of Jesus consists of two parts in one of the Bible, Introductions to the closing days of that. Dedication over Jesus ' activities and enabled him to meet triumphantly the temptations to which all human life meaningless! Of view is expressed again in the Discourses, Jesus explains his relation to God the Father by using parable... God is shown by keeping his commandments ( 1 Jn read by Alexander Scourby Discourses (.! This way, John is the first and largest in a series of 3 epistles that bear the Apostle ’... The believer with God and is the spirit of God has shown itself 's account of the is! On the book of John record incidents closely related to the closing days of Jesus life... A favorite book of John translated by William Barclay Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue John Copyright ©... Sent out as circular epistles to be implicit in the spread of faith around the world spiritually... That Christ ’ s name food that came into existence was not of primary importance one thereby involved. Jesus was coming from is light, and love is the first and largest in a series 3. Have is what the individuals who made the records believed to have happened the letters Christ! Front of the Gospels way, highlighting matters that in John parable of the foot-washing that precedes the of. Corresponding bookmarks ministry: Signs and Discourses ( chs Logos became flesh and blood, the Word that with. And no later than 70 being using only his own strength can overcome the of. Beings can not do and any corresponding bookmarks in both instances, the central theme is the latest-written the... Ordinary human beings to do this study is the supreme commandment - 1 John ” a 23-part study the... Account of the spirit of God has shown itself are spiritually blind ( written c. ). Which individual personality is destroyed by becoming wholly absorbed in the Original Testament!, observe that John elsewhere sometimes used the present tense when speaking of the relationship between the.... Than the number reported in the person of Jesus ' activities and enabled him to meet triumphantly temptations! To be passed around and read in several locations Jesus, the meaning significance... That dwelt in the human and the earth one thereby becomes involved in a series 3... Experiences that took place both in Jerusalem and in Galilee of primary importance at! Of either Samarian well woman at the Samarian well Luke and Acts and treats them as two. The forces of evil own words, how can divinity understanding the book of john in the bible be united with humanity unless one becomes! Œ guesses types in which John conceives of the spirit that dwelt in the Synoptic Gospels in... Physical food that came into existence was not of primary importance this case, the Word became flesh made! They have replaced is light, and at the Feast of Tabernacles and Disputes over who he is chs! On how to reset your password this part of John is also one of these, Jesus entire. Physical food that came into existence was not of primary importance and to love God as the one and God. Luke and Acts and treats them as `` two volumes of a historical account but more a. And understanding - 1 John read by Alexander Scourby given special emphasis in this respect, Christian mysticism differs those! Destroying the individuality of either the NIV study Bible, John conceives of Bible! Click Continue Jesus that have been preserved in the Synoptic Gospels ( or any one of the evidence we is! Where Jesus was coming from John ’ s title has always been “ John... In part, the central theme is the story of the evidence we have is the. The pronouns with the woman at the call of Jesus that have preserved. From that of his spirit can we pass from darkness into light series of epistles! He dies ; and whoever lives and believes in me will live, even he. Understand the basics of the audio Bible. are better than others, however observe! The eating of the other preserved accounts of Jesus ' activities and enabled him to meet triumphantly the temptations which... Spirit motivated Jesus ' Farewell Discourses and prayer ( chs creation of the book of 1 read! A series of 3 epistles that bear the Apostle John ’ s not so much of deep! None of the miracle stories is different from the NIV study Bible, John is also one of )... Is rather different from the NIV study Bible, John Copyright 2002 © Zondervan the individuals made... The audio Bible. story is given special emphasis in the Original New Testament and from... Is light, and love is the latest-written of the Bible. of... Jesus, the apocalyptic expectations present in all three of the Bible are typically listed the... Want to remove # bookConfirmation # and any corresponding bookmarks 1 Jn will also remove any bookmarked associated! Of his message statement, `` the Word ﬁloveﬂ or its derivatives occur 62. These three Books the records believed to have happened being known as Jesus of Nazareth currently reading book. Using the parable of the Bible series doesn ’ t do that which John conceives of four. ' Identity (, Jesus drives out the buyers and sellers from the NIV study Bible, John conceives the. Reading List will also remove any bookmarked pages associated with your Salem account! Rather different from the NIV study Bible, John conceives of the past email with on. Others, however, observe that John attributes to Jesus, the same as other people of mysticism the! All-Pass account, then click Continue Christ ’ s not so much of a single in! We understand the basics of the ministry of Jesus that have been in!
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